Bile Duct Cancer

What is bile duct carcinoma?


Bile duct carcinoma refers to malignant tumors originating from the extrahepatic bile ducts, including the hilar region to the lower end of the common bile duct. Based on the location of the tumor, bile duct carcinoma is classified into intrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma. bile duct carcinoma is a relatively rare cancer, with about 2,000-3,000 new cases of bile duct carcinoma each year, and 0.01%-0.46% of every 100,000 people develop bile duct carcinoma. However, the incidence rate of bile duct carcinoma is higher in Southeast Asia. The incidence rate of bile duct carcinoma increases with age, the incidence rate of bile duct carcinoma in men is slightly higher than that of women, and at the same time, the incidence rate of bile duct carcinoma in recent years has a tendency to increase.


So can middle and late-staged bile duct cancer be treated? Minimally invasive techniques with little side effects and trauma can help bile duct carcinoma patients avoid surgical resection as well as suffering from the pain of traditional radiotherapy, effectively prolonging the survival period.


For more knowledge about cancer, please consult our doctors online.

Bile Duct Cancer Traditional Treatment Methods

  • Surgical treatmentSurgery to remove cancerous tissue and clean cervical lymph nodes that may have metastasis.

  • Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy for follicular adenocarcinoma.

  • chemotherapyOften used as palliative therapy for inoperable or distantly metastatic advanced cancer.

  • Chinese treatmentTraditional Chinese medicine therapy can inhibit the development of cancer, improve the immune function of patients with thyroid cancer, and reduce the toxic and side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Bile Duct Cancer Treatment Technology
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7327.html
Radiofrequency Ablation
Radiofrequency ablation, sometimes referred to as RFA, is a minimally invasive treatment for cancer. It is an image-guided technique that heats and destroys cancer cells. Under the guidance of image,...
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7349.html
DEB-TACE
Drug-eluting bead transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Drug-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) is an interventional therapy used in tumor treatment. It is a tiny sphere made of polymers or ceramics with a certain range of siz...
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7020.html
Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy, also named cryosurgery therapy or cryoablation, is a medical technique both ancient and modern....
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7311.html
Particle Knife
Particle knife (also called 125I Seed Implants) is applied to a variety of primary and metastatic tumors nowadays. 125I seeds are some small iodine radioactive particles that can give off short-range γ...
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7346.html
Nanoknife Technology
Nanoknife is a brand-new cutting-edge ablation technology for tumor treatment. It breaks the membrane of tumor cells with high voltage pulses from electrode probes, resulting in multiple irreversible n...
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7019.html
Interventional Therapy
Interventional Therapy
Interventional therapy is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter incision, paracentesis can be performed with the lead of medical imag...
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7021.html
Combined Knife
Combined Knife, it’s not actual surgical knife, but a composite cryogenic freezing surgical system, which conduct cold and heat ablation treatment with liquid-nitrogen by one or more ablation needles...
Bile Duct Cancer Patients' Story
They come from different countries around the world, but they have experienced the same experience and endured the pain that cancer has brought to them. However, now, with the effective treatment and meticulous care of St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, they have rekindled their confidence in life and become anti-cancer fighters. Here, they share their anti-cancer experience, love and warmth with everyone.
MDT TEAM
Song Shijun
Song Shijun
Chief Expert of Oncology Department | Chief physician

Specialty:Song Shijun, professor, chief physician, CPC member, has been engaged in clinical...

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Peng Xiaochi
Peng Xiaochi
Director of Oncology Department | Chief Physician

Specialty:Peng Xiaochi, M.D., Ph.D. graduate in Canada, is a member of the Chinese Medica...

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Dai Wenyan
Dai Wenyan
Director of Oncology Department of Oncology, Director of Breast Cancer Center | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:She specializes in various minimally invasive treatments for tumors, especially c...

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Ma Xiaoying
Ma Xiaoying
Director of Oncology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty: Ma Xiaoying, more than 20 years experience of clinical work in oncology, and i...

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 Lin Jing
Lin Jing
Deputy Director, International Oncology Ward |  Attending Physician

Specialty:Dr. Lin Jing has been engaged in clinical work in oncology for nearly 20 years an...

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Wu Qingkai
Wu Qingkai
Chief doctor | Attending Doctor

Specialty:With cancer clinical experience for more than 30 years, Dr. Wu Qingkai has rich m...

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Zhen Yanli
Zhen Yanli
Director of Radiology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:Dr. Zhen Yanli has been engaging in the work of surgical treatment, medical imagi...

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Yin Pingshan
Yin Pingshan
Distinguished expert of TCM Oncology | Chief Physician

Specialty:| Introduction Engaged in clinical work in Traditional Chinese Medicine Internal ...

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Zhao Yifan
Zhao Yifan
Oncology Resident | Physician-in-Charge

Specialty:Skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of common solid tumors, speci...

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Qin Yubing
Qin Yubing
Attending physician ,Oncology Department | Attending physician

Specialty:Many years of clinical work in oncology ,Master of Medicine Degree. specializes i...

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Bile Duct Cancer Symptoms

What are the symptoms of bile duct carcinoma?


Jaundice: For bile duct carcinoma, the bile tract will be blocked by tumor and causes jaundice; jaundice would get worse gradually without pain-free for most of the cases; besides, the degree of jaundice is definitely related with the position of obstruct.

Abdominal pain: The upper abdomen would become uncomfortable when one’s eating. Hidden pain or dull pain occurs in the back; or angina in right upper side of the abdomen. These manifestations indicate that the nerves are being invaded.

Fever: Tumor obstructs bile duct and causes inflammation inside the bile duct, or furthermore causes fever, but which is rare.

Itch of skin: Itch may appear after or before the occurrence of jaundice. Itch of skin is caused by the changes of blood content and this stimulates the peripheral nerve of skin so that cause skin itches.

Other symptoms: loss of appetite, feel sick to greasy food, weakness, weight loss, nausea and vomiting or other nonspecific symptoms of the tumor. A minority will have symptoms of portal hypertension due to tumor invades to the portal vein.


For more knowledge about cancer, please consult our doctors online.

Bile Duct Cancer Diagnosis

What are the examination methods for bile duct cancer?


Laboratory check: It mainly examines liver disfunction due to obstructive jaundice, for example, if the bilirubin or alkaline phosphatase is increased.

Type B ultrasound: Type B ultrasound can display dilated bile duct or obstructive position, or even indicate the tumor out through repeated and careful examination.

MRCP examination: MRCP (which means Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatograph), is one of the imaging test. It can largely display the full view of intrahepatic bile duct tree, show the position and scope of cancerous obstruction. Whether there is encroachment of liver parenchyma or liver metastasis, it is helpful for distinguishing duodenal papilla tumor and carcinoma of pancreas head.

CT scan: CT examination can accurately display cholangiectasis, the obstructed bile tract position and its scope. It also helps to define the identifications of lesion.

ERCP examination: ERCP (abbreviation of Encoscopic Retrograde Cholangio-Pancreatography) can get to know the general status of the whole bile tract, also collect the bile and the fallen-off bile duct carcinoma cells.

PTC examination: PTC, namely Percutaneous Transhepatic Cholangiography examination. As an accurate method to diagnose bile duct carcinoma, it can clearly display the distribution of intra or extra-hepatic bile duct tree, and show the obstructive position as well.


For more knowledge about cancer, please consult our doctors online.

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