Vaginal cancer

What Is Vaginal Cancer?


Vaginal cancer is a malignant tumor arising from vagina. Primary vaginal cancer is rare in the general population of women and is usually a squamous-cell carcinoma. Metastases are more common. Vaginal cancer can be spread from cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer and choriocarcinoma, besides, cancer cells originating from bladder, urethra, or rectal can often spread to vagina.


Who are risk people for vaginal cancer?


Women at age of 60~65 years old.

Young women taking estrogen during pregnancy may cause vaginal clear cell carcinoma.

Women who are with early marriage, early child-bearing and with many times of child-bearing are high-risk groups of primary vaginal cancer.

Women who have multiple sexual partners.

So can middle and late-stage vaginal cancer be cured? Minimally invasive techniques with little side effects and trauma can help bladder cancer patients avoid surgical resection, avoid suffering from traditional radiotherapy, and effectively prolong the survival period.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 



Vaginal cancer Traditional Treatment Methods

  • Surgical treatmentSurgery to remove cancerous tissue and clean cervical lymph nodes that may have metastasis.

  • Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy for follicular adenocarcinoma.

  • chemotherapyOften used as palliative therapy for inoperable or distantly metastatic advanced cancer.

  • Chinese treatmentTraditional Chinese medicine therapy can inhibit the development of cancer, improve the immune function of patients with thyroid cancer, and reduce the toxic and side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Vaginal cancer Treatment Technology
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7021.html
Combined Knife
Combined Knife, it’s not actual surgical knife, but a composite cryogenic freezing surgical system, which conduct cold and heat a
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7019.html
Interventional Therapy
Interventional Therapy
Interventional therapy is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7346.html
Nanoknife Technology
Nanoknife is a brand-new cutting-edge ablation technology for tumor treatment. It breaks the membrane of tumor cells with high volt
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7311.html
Particle Knife
Particle knife (also called 125I Seed Implants) is applied to a variety of primary and metastatic tumors nowadays. 125I seeds are s
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7020.html
Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy, also named cryosurgery therapy or cryoablation, is a medical technique both ancient and modern.
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7349.html
DEB-TACE
Drug-eluting bead transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Drug-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) is an interventional therapy used in tumor treatment. It is
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7327.html
Radiofrequency Ablation
Radiofrequency ablation, sometimes referred to as RFA, is a minimally invasive treatment for cancer. It is an image-guided techniqu
Vaginal cancer Patients' Story
They come from different countries around the world, but they have experienced the same experience and endured the pain that cancer has brought to them. However, now, with the effective treatment and meticulous care of St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, they have rekindled their confidence in life and become anti-cancer fighters. Here, they share their anti-cancer experience, love and warmth with everyone.
Minimally Invasive Tumor Integration Technique Saves My UterusEndometrial cancer
Ms. Liu
Malaysia

Ms. Liu was diagnosed with endometrioid carcinoma and doctor recommended her to remove the uterus. Bu...

Face Life with a Smile and Beat Breast Cancer with Breast Reconstruction and Integrated Minimally Invasive Treatment!Breast Cancer
Noraini
Malaysiamore than 5 years

Noraini, from Malaysia, was diagnosed with stage IIIB breast cancer accompanied by lymph node metasta...

Minimally Interventional Therapy + Particle Implantation Therapy, Successful eye preservation for over 6 years now*parotid gland cancer
Ms. Chen
Malaysiamore than 6 years

(Personal interview with Ms. Chen) On November 15, 2023, St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzho...

Minimally Invasive Treatment Helps My Mother with Gastric Cancer Regain Her Life*Gastric cancer
TEONG MENG ENG
MalaysiaMore than 1 year

"Regarding treatment matters, the local Malay doctors will not talk to us a lot and they come and go ...

ONG CHOON MOY: Interventional Therapy and Cryotherapy, Ignite the Light of Hope for Lung Cancer PatientLung Cancer
ONG CHOON MOY
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 9 years

ONG CHOON MOY, comes from Malaysia, was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2014, with metastasis to the pl...

VOO CHEW WAH: Interventional Therapy helps me overcome Stage IV Nasopharyngeal CancerNasopharyngeal cancer
VOO CHEW WAH
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 8 years

VOO CHEW WAH, comes from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, is a stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer patient. After ta...

80% of nasopharyngeal tumor disappeared after one session of interventional therapy*Nasopharyngeal Cancer
NG MAN HONG
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 7 years

NG MAN HONG, from Malaysia, is diagnosed as nasopharyngeal cancer patient. After one session of inter...

Minimally invasive treatment saved life and tonguetongue cancer
LOH JUI TONG
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 7 years

Malaysian patient LOH JUI TONG suffered from tongue cancer in 2015. He arrived at MCHG in July 2016. ...

Minimally Invasive Therapy Defeated Breast Cancer of Stage IVBreast Cancer
Miss Chen
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 9 years

Due to the fear of surgery and chemoradiotherapy, Miss Chen, breast cancer stage IV patient from Mala...

Patient with 5-year Liver Cancer Felt The Beauty of Life  Again Given by St.Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou*Liver cancer
Mr. Xie
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 5 years

"I am the first Southeast Asian who came to the hospital for treatment after the Covid-19 pandemic" s...

Refusing Electrotherapy, Particle Implantation Lights My Way Against CancerParotid gland cancer
Lau Bee Geok
Malaysiamore than 5 years

"A few days after the particle implantation, the tumor on my right cheek was significantly reduced in...

Minimally Invasive Therapy Benefit A Malaysian Gallbladder Cancer Patient in His SeventiesGallbladder Cancer
ONG LEE SING
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 5 years

ONG LEE SING, 72 years comes from Malaysia. He was diagnosed with well-differentiated adenocarcinoma ...

MDT TEAM
Song Shijun
Song Shijun
Chief Expert of Oncology Department | Chief physician

Specialty:Song Shijun, professor, chief physician, CPC member, has been engaged in clinical...

more

Peng Xiaochi
Peng Xiaochi
Director of Oncology Department | Chief Physician

Specialty:Peng Xiaochi, M.D., Ph.D. graduate in Canada, is a member of the Chinese Medica...

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Dai Wenyan
Dai Wenyan
Director of Oncology Department of Oncology, Director of Breast Cancer Center | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:She specializes in various minimally invasive treatments for tumors, especially c...

more

Ma Xiaoying
Ma Xiaoying
Director of Oncology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty: Ma Xiaoying, more than 20 years experience of clinical work in oncology, and i...

more

 Lin Jing
Lin Jing
Deputy Director, International Oncology Ward |  Attending Physician

Specialty:Dr. Lin Jing has been engaged in clinical work in oncology for nearly 20 years an...

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Wu Qingkai
Wu Qingkai
Chief doctor | Attending Doctor

Specialty:With cancer clinical experience for more than 30 years, Dr. Wu Qingkai has rich m...

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Zhen Yanli
Zhen Yanli
Director of Radiology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:Dr. Zhen Yanli has been engaging in the work of surgical treatment, medical imagi...

more

Yin Pingshan
Yin Pingshan
Distinguished expert of TCM Oncology | Chief Physician

Specialty:| Introduction Engaged in clinical work in Traditional Chinese Medicine Internal ...

more

Zhao Yifan
Zhao Yifan
Oncology Resident | Physician-in-Charge

Specialty:Skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of common solid tumors, speci...

more

Qin Yubing
Qin Yubing
Attending physician ,Oncology Department | Attending physician

Specialty:Many years of clinical work in oncology ,Master of Medicine Degree. specializes i...

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Vaginal Cancer Symptoms

What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer?


Often, there are no symptoms in early stage, and the cancer is found through a routine gynecologic exam. If there are symptoms, they are commonly:


Vaginal bleeding. It is more manifested as contact bleeding after sexual intercourse, generally appearing after intercourse or menopause.

Vaginal discharge. It is mainly related to necrosis of tumor tissues and infection. The excretion can be watery, and sometimes rice water like (little sticky and milky white liquid), or can be mixed with blood.

Compression symptoms. When advanced tumors compress the adjacent organs, there will be corresponding compression symptoms. For instance, when compressing bladder and urethra, urgent micturition, frequent urination, hematuria (blood in urine) can be caused; when compressing rectum, there may be difficulty in defecation and blood in the stool.


What are the indications of postoperative nursing for patients with vaginal cancer?


When putting into the vagina speculum, action should be light, turning the speculum slowly, so as not to damage the cancer tissue, causing massive bleeding.

Patients with menstrual period or vaginal bleeding are forbidden from douching, in order to prevent intrauterine infection.

Solution concentration for douche should be accurate and temperature should be appropriate, generally 38 ~41 ℃.

Douching pressure should be appropriate. If pressure is excessive, douching solution is easy to flow into uterine cavity, but if pressure is too small, there will no effect for douche.

Observe the changes of patient’s condition. If there is continuous bleeding or massive bleeding, douche should be immediately stopped and gauze should be tamped into vagina, informing physicians to cope with it.

For patients with swelling, congestion, ulcer of genital or vaginal stenosis, a miniature speculum should be used to douche so as to relieve patient’s pain.

Douching solution should be changed every day and the washing barrel should be brushing and disinfected 1 times weekly.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 


Vaginal Cancer Diagnosis

What are the Diagnosis Methods of Vaginal Cancer?


Pap smear;

Pelvic examination;

Biopsy, cytology.


What are the Treatments for Vaginal Cancer?


A. Surgery. Carcinoma in situ of the vagina can be removed by surgery which resects part of vagina or total vagina, at the same time, vaginoplasty will be performed; early patients whose upper vagina tumor has not been infiltrated deep can be treated with extensive hysterectomy, removal of part of vagina and pelvic Lymph node dissection; as for patients with early lesions of lower segment, the vaginal and vulvar resection and inguinal lymph node dissection can be done.

B. Chemotherapy. Treatment effect of single chemotherapy is not obvious in vaginal cancer treatment, so it often combines with radiotherapy, which can enhance the therapeutic effect.

C. RadiotherapyRadiotherapy for vaginal cancer includes internal radiotherapy (brachytherapy) and external irradiation therapy (teletherapy). Brachytherapy mainly targets at primary lesions of vagina and the adjacent infiltration zone, while teletherapy mainly aims at infiltration area around tumor and metastatic lymph nodes area.

D. Minimally invasive treatment. In addition to be with small trauma and rapid recovery, minimally invasive treatment for vaginal cancer also can shorten time of hospitalization and reduce medical cost, so it is more and more welcomed by patients.

E. Traditional Chinese medicine therapy. Traditional Chinese medicine in treating vaginal cancer can quickly destroy and prevent division and reproduction of cancer cell, so that tumor will reduce gradually. Chinese medicine therapy is usually combined with surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, which can reduce the side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy and enhance the therapeutic effect.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 


Vaginal Cancer Staging

Staging of Vaginal Cancer


Stage 0 vaginal carcinoma in situ

Stage I cancer is confined to the vaginal wall

Stage II cancer has invaded tissues around vagina, but it has not invaded pelvic wall

Stage III cancer has reached pelvic wall

Stage IV cancer has been spread beyond true pelvis or it has invaded bladder, rectum mucosa of rectum, etc

Stage Iva cancer has invaded the adjacent organs

Stage IVb cancer has spread to distant organs

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 

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