Vaginal Cancer Symptoms
What are the Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer?
Often, there are no symptoms in early stage, and the cancer is found through a routine gynecologic exam. If there are symptoms, they are commonly:
Vaginal bleeding. It is more manifested as contact bleeding after sexual intercourse, generally appearing after intercourse or menopause.
Vaginal discharge. It is mainly related to necrosis of tumor tissues and infection. The excretion can be watery, and sometimes rice water like (little sticky and milky white liquid), or can be mixed with blood.
Compression symptoms. When advanced tumors compress the adjacent organs, there will be corresponding compression symptoms. For instance, when compressing bladder and urethra, urgent micturition, frequent urination, hematuria (blood in urine) can be caused; when compressing rectum, there may be difficulty in defecation and blood in the stool.
What are the indications of postoperative nursing for patients with vaginal cancer?
When putting into the vagina speculum, action should be light, turning the speculum slowly, so as not to damage the cancer tissue, causing massive bleeding.
Patients with menstrual period or vaginal bleeding are forbidden from douching, in order to prevent intrauterine infection.
Solution concentration for douche should be accurate and temperature should be appropriate, generally 38 ～41 ℃.
Douching pressure should be appropriate. If pressure is excessive, douching solution is easy to flow into uterine cavity, but if pressure is too small, there will no effect for douche.
Observe the changes of patient’s condition. If there is continuous bleeding or massive bleeding, douche should be immediately stopped and gauze should be tamped into vagina, informing physicians to cope with it.
For patients with swelling, congestion, ulcer of genital or vaginal stenosis, a miniature speculum should be used to douche so as to relieve patient’s pain.
Douching solution should be changed every day and the washing barrel should be brushing and disinfected 1 times weekly.
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