Title:【2024 July Cancer Treatment And Prevention Minimally Invasive Technologies Sharing Session】 Invite you to join us!    Time:From July 12-15th, 2024    online consultation appointment!
Title:【2024 July Cancer Treatment And Prevention Minimally Invasive Technologies Sharing Session】 Invite you to join us!      Time:From July 12-15th, 2024      online consultation appointment!
Anal Cancer

What is anal cancer?

Anal cancer is a malignant tumor that occurs in the squamous epithelium of the anal canal. Usually closely related to human papilloma virus infection. Anal squamous cell carcinoma often causes discomfort and itching in the anal area. There is a small, slow-growing lump on the edge of the anus. The pain is very mild, and there is pain when the anal canal or sphincter is invaded. Ulcers are formed after a long course of disease, and the local area is tender, and the secretion is thin and often mixed with bloodshot eyes. There are gray-white necrotic tissue at the bottom of the ulcer, and the periphery is everted and granular nodules, and it is easy to scab and bleed. At present, the incidence of anal cancer is relatively low, but it is increasing year by year.

So can middle and late-staged anal cancer be treated? The minimally invasive technique with less side effects and less trauma can help anal cancer patients avoid surgical resection, avoid the pain of traditional radiotherapy and chemotherapy, effectively prolong the survival period and improve the quality of life.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation.

Anal Cancer Traditional Treatment Methods

  • Surgical treatmentSurgery to remove cancerous tissue and clean cervical lymph nodes that may have metastasis.

  • Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy for follicular adenocarcinoma.

  • chemotherapyOften used as palliative therapy for inoperable or distantly metastatic advanced cancer.

  • Chinese treatmentTraditional Chinese medicine therapy can inhibit the development of cancer, improve the immune function of patients with thyroid cancer, and reduce the toxic and side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Anal Cancer Treatment Technology
Radiofrequency Ablation
Radiofrequency ablation, sometimes referred to as RFA, is a minimally invasive treatment for cancer. It is an image-guided technique that heats and destroys cancer cells. Under the guidance of image,...
Drug-eluting bead transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Drug-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) is an interventional therapy used in tumor treatment. It is a tiny sphere made of polymers or ceramics with a certain range of siz...
Cryotherapy, also named cryosurgery therapy or cryoablation, is a medical technique both ancient and modern....
Particle Knife
Particle knife (also called 125I Seed Implants) is applied to a variety of primary and metastatic tumors nowadays. 125I seeds are some small iodine radioactive particles that can give off short-range γ...
Nanoknife Technology
Nanoknife is a brand-new cutting-edge ablation technology for tumor treatment. It breaks the membrane of tumor cells with high voltage pulses from electrode probes, resulting in multiple irreversible n...
Interventional Therapy
Interventional Therapy
Interventional therapy is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter incision, paracentesis can be performed with the lead of medical imag...
Combined Knife
Combined Knife, it’s not actual surgical knife, but a composite cryogenic freezing surgical system, which conduct cold and heat ablation treatment with liquid-nitrogen by one or more ablation needles...
Anal Cancer Patients' Story
They come from different countries around the world, but they have experienced the same experience and endured the pain that cancer has brought to them. However, now, with the effective treatment and meticulous care of St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, they have rekindled their confidence in life and become anti-cancer fighters. Here, they share their anti-cancer experience, love and warmth with everyone.
Successful Fight Against Cancer in A Patient with Lung Cancer Combined with Cardiovascular Disease in A Desperate SituationLung cancer
Ramli Rukiana

Ramli Rukiana from Batam, Indonesia, with a history of high-risk heart disease, was diagnosed with a ...

Minimally invasive treatment improved a septuagenarian's desperate situation when her breathing was impaired due to lung cancerLung Cancer
MalaysiaMore than 1 year

"I was confident when I came over here for treatment, there was nothing that worried me. (My family a...

Interventional treatment curbed the spread of prostate cancer and helped me get rid of the constraints of a urine catheter bag 11Prostate cancer
Malaysiamore than 1 year

Mr.TING was diagnosed prostate cancer, the local doctor suggested him to undergo a direct resection, ...

Lung Cancer Stage IV with Muscle Atrophy; Minimally Invasive Therapy Helps a Taekwondo Coach Regain Life!Lung Cancer
Malaysiamore than 1 years

I am THAM YIP SEONG, 46 years old, from Malaysia, and I am an experienced Taekwondo coach.In May 2023...

Minimally invasive integrated therapy helped me overcome the side effects of chemotherapy and regain my confidence in fighting cancer!Breast Cancer
Venus Bernaldez
Philippinesmore than 2 years

Venus Bernaldez from the Philippines, due to the recurrence and metastasis of breast cancer, and worr...

No more fear of having both breast and ovarian cancer, minimally invasive intervention can "destroy tumors with a small catheter"!Ovarian cancer
Nowiti Sagala
Indonesiamore than 5 years

Nowiti Sagala from Medan, Indonesia, was diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2019. After undergoing surg...

Minimally invasive interventional therapy, a tiny catheter can eliminate lymphoma and metastatic tumors throughout the bodyNon-Hodgkin lymphoma
Ninik Supartini
Indonesiamore than 3 years

Ninik Supartini from Yogyakarta, Indonesia, was diagnosed with multiple metastases throughout the bod...

Minimally Invasive Tumor Integration Technique Saves My UterusEndometrial cancer
Ms. Liu

Ms. Liu was diagnosed with endometrioid carcinoma and doctor recommended her to remove the uterus. Bu...

Stage IV Lung Cancer Patient Fails With Conventional Treatment, But Minimally Invasive Intervention Gives Her New Life*Stage IV lung cancer
Pu Yalu

Pu Yalu was diagnosed with stage IV lung cancer, she wants to search a way to reduce her pain, so she...

Jefferies: colon cancer liver metastasis, what should I do?*Colon cancer

Jeffery from Indonesia, 54 years old, was diagnosed with colon cancer more than a year ago. To seek a...

Song Shijun
Song Shijun
Chief Expert of Oncology Department | Chief physician

Specialty:Song Shijun, professor, chief physician, CPC member, has been engaged in clinical...


Peng Xiaochi
Peng Xiaochi
Director of Oncology Department | Chief Physician

Specialty:Peng Xiaochi, M.D., Ph.D. graduate in Canada, is a member of the Chinese Medica...


Dai Wenyan
Dai Wenyan
Director of Oncology Department of Oncology, Director of Breast Cancer Center | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:She specializes in various minimally invasive treatments for tumors, especially c...


Ma Xiaoying
Ma Xiaoying
Director of Oncology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty: Ma Xiaoying, more than 20 years experience of clinical work in oncology, and i...


 Lin Jing
Lin Jing
Deputy Director, International Oncology Ward |  Attending Physician

Specialty:Dr. Lin Jing has been engaged in clinical work in oncology for nearly 20 years an...


Wu Qingkai
Wu Qingkai
Chief doctor | Attending Doctor

Specialty:With cancer clinical experience for more than 30 years, Dr. Wu Qingkai has rich m...


Zhen Yanli
Zhen Yanli
Director of Radiology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:Dr. Zhen Yanli has been engaging in the work of surgical treatment, medical imagi...


Yin Pingshan
Yin Pingshan
Distinguished expert of TCM Oncology | Chief Physician

Specialty:| Introduction Engaged in clinical work in Traditional Chinese Medicine Internal ...


Zhao Yifan
Zhao Yifan
Oncology Resident | Physician-in-Charge

Specialty:Skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of common solid tumors, speci...


Qin Yubing
Qin Yubing
Attending physician ,Oncology Department | Attending physician

Specialty:Many years of clinical work in oncology ,Master of Medicine Degree. specializes i...


Patient's Name *
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Medical reports*
Anal Cancer Symptoms

What are the causes of anal cancer?

Causes of anal cancer are still not defined, but some studies showed that some factors may be associated with anal cancer, which include: Human papillomavirus (HPV), sexual activity, smoking, HIV infection, anal benign disease and others.

Anal Cancer Symptoms

Anal cancer is a kind of malignant tumor which usually occurs inside anus. Causes of anal cancer are still not defined, but some studies showed that some factors may be associated with anal cancer, which include: Human papillomavirus (HPV), sexual activity, smoking, HIV infection, anal benign disease and others.

Experts from Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou pointed out that although anal cancer is a kind of less common disease but people should still pay attention to it. We should know and understand anal cancer so as to detect it early.

Types of Anal Cancer

In accordance with the difference of onset parts of anal cancer, it can be classified into the following types: cancer in situ, squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, basal cell cancer and malignant melanoma, lymphoma and gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST).

Cancer in situ: some anal superficial cells look very abnormal, like cancer cells;

Squamous cell carcinoma: tumor from squamous cells in the anal margin and most of the anal canal.

Adenocarcinoma: it originates from the gland that release anal secretions and is below anal mucous membrane or from the apocrine gland as well (a perianal skin gland that secrets sweat).

Basal cell cancer: it occurs around the perianal skin or other skin parts that are regularly exposed to the sun, such as face and hands, but it is rare to occur in the anus.

Malignant melanoma: it refers to the tumor developed by the anus skin cells that contain melanin, and there are only about 1-2% of anal cancers are melanomas.

Symptoms of Anal Cancer

There is symptom like anorectal bleeding;

The anal area would feel uncomfortable and abnormal itchy.

There will be small lumps around anal margin, and they grow slow.

There are changes in bowel habits, and the shape of the stool becomes thinner.

Lymph glands around the anus or groin become swollen.

There is a slight pain around anus, and the pain gets worse when the tumor invades into the anal canal or sphincter.

Experts from St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou remind you that if you have the following symptoms, please go to regular hospital for examination and treatment.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 

Anal Cancer Diagnosis

Anal cancer is a kind of malignant tumor as a result of anal cells canceration, which mainly occurs in anal tube or anal margin skin. Hematochezia, pain, bowel evacuation habit change and anal foreign body sensation are symptoms of early anal cancer, which are similar to symptoms of common diseases such as internal hemorrhoids and anal fissure and result in clinical misdiagnosis. Therefore, if those symptoms occur, it’s better to have anal routine examination and even take anal cancer screening if necessary.

How is anal cancer diagnosed?

1. Digital rectal exam

This exam has two parts which include the check for the anus and the inside of it. If you have symptoms of rectal bleeding or feeling of lumps,you can take this exam.

(1)The way to check the anus: the doctor will touch the anal area with gloved finger to feel for solid callus or lump, and check if there are other abnormalities like tenderness, fluctuation or anus fistula.

(2) The way to check the inside of the anus (Digital Anus Exam): Inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the anus and rectum to feel for lumps or other abnormalities. If you have symptoms like rectal bleeding please take the exam in time.

2. Endoscopy

Endoscopy can be used to look for the cause of the anal problems and inner part of the rectum. For this test, you either lie on your side on an examining table, with your knees bent up to your chest, or you bent forward over the table. Endoscopy has different types include anoscopy and sigmoidoscopy. When you have bowl movement change, you can take this test to find out the cause.

3. Biopsy

Biopsy can often be done through the scope itself. If cancer is present, the pathologist will describe the cell type and extent of the cancer in the report. If the tumor is very small, and the growth happens on the surface of anus, your doctor might try to remove the entire tumor during the biopsy.

4. Chest X-ray: it is the first step of in vitro metastasis examination of anal cancer. If there is no abnormality in chest X-ray, it is less possibility of anal cancer metastasis. If there is abnormality in chest X-ray, detailed examinations are recommended.

5. Computed Tomography: CT examination can detect the tumor’s size, location and form and enlarged lymph nodes as well as metastasizing tumor. When lump and lymph nodes enlargement occur, that examination is recommended.

Oncologists of St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou advise that anal cancer should be treated in normal hospital as earlier as possible.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 

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