Title:【2024 July Cancer Treatment And Prevention Minimally Invasive Technologies Sharing Session】 Invite you to join us!    Time:From July 12-15th, 2024    online free consultation appointment!
Title:【2024 July Cancer Treatment And Prevention Minimally Invasive Technologies Sharing Session】 Invite you to join us!      Time:From July 12-15th, 2024      online free consultation appointment!
Leukemia

What is Leukemia?

Leukemia is a clonal malignant disease caused by the abnormality of blood-forming stem cells. A large number of abnormal white blood cells, which have lost their ability of further differentiation and maturation and stay in different stages of cell development, are produced in bone marrow and other blood-forming tissues. These abnormal cells abundantly proliferate, accumulate and infiltrate other organs and tissues, meanwhile, inhibit the normal blood-forming functions. That is why leukemia patients always have symptoms like anemia, hemorrhage, infection and infiltration of other organs.

Incidence of Leukemia:

The incidence of leukemia accounts for a percentage of 2.5 among all the cancers. All over the world, about 47,150 people are diagnosed with leukemia every year, and 23,540 people die of leukemia yearly. Leukemia is the Top 1 pediatric cancer in incidence. Children between 0-4 years old are in the highest risk, and the incidences ratio between boys and girls is 7:5.

Common Types of Leukemia:
According to the source and morphological characteristics of the cells, leukemia can be divided into below types:
1、Acute myeloid leukemia: it is caused by the abnormal proliferation of myeloid white blood cells. It has the characteristic that abnormal cells in bone marrow rapidly proliferate affecting the production of normal blood cells.
2、Chronic myeloid leukemia: it is a clonal proliferative disease of blood-forming stem cells. Its major characteristics include bone marrow hyperplasia, peripheral blood leukocytes increase and enlargement of spleen.
3、Acute lymphoblastic leukemia: it is a kind of rapidly progressing leukemia caused when the lymphoblast uncontrollably proliferate and abnormally differentiate or its differentiation is obstructed, which result in formation of abundant immature white blood cells.
4、Chronic lymphocytic leukemia: it is a malignant cancer that affects lymph cells leading to immature differentiation of them. These immature lymph cells gather within bone marrow, inhibit its normal blood-forming function and spread in the body through blood.

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Leukemia Traditional Treatment Methods

  • Surgical treatmentSurgery to remove cancerous tissue and clean cervical lymph nodes that may have metastasis.

  • Radiation TherapyRadiation therapy for follicular adenocarcinoma.

  • chemotherapyOften used as palliative therapy for inoperable or distantly metastatic advanced cancer.

  • Chinese treatmentTraditional Chinese medicine therapy can inhibit the development of cancer, improve the immune function of patients with thyroid cancer, and reduce the toxic and side effects of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Leukemia Treatment Technology
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7021.html
Combined Knife
Combined Knife, it’s not actual surgical knife, but a composite cryogenic freezing surgical system, which conduct cold and heat a
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7019.html
Interventional Therapy
Interventional Therapy
Interventional therapy is a mini-invasive therapy performed under the guidance of medical imaging equipments. With a 1-2 millimeter
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7346.html
Nanoknife Technology
Nanoknife is a brand-new cutting-edge ablation technology for tumor treatment. It breaks the membrane of tumor cells with high volt
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7311.html
Particle Knife
Particle knife (also called 125I Seed Implants) is applied to a variety of primary and metastatic tumors nowadays. 125I seeds are s
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0728/7020.html
Cryotherapy
Cryotherapy, also named cryosurgery therapy or cryoablation, is a medical technique both ancient and modern.
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7349.html
DEB-TACE
Drug-eluting bead transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
Drug-eluting beads transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (DEB-TACE) is an interventional therapy used in tumor treatment. It is
https://www.moderncancerhospitalmy.com/treatment-technologies/2023/0818/7327.html
Radiofrequency Ablation
Radiofrequency ablation, sometimes referred to as RFA, is a minimally invasive treatment for cancer. It is an image-guided techniqu
Leukemia Patients' Story
They come from different countries around the world, but they have experienced the same experience and endured the pain that cancer has brought to them. However, now, with the effective treatment and meticulous care of St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou, they have rekindled their confidence in life and become anti-cancer fighters. Here, they share their anti-cancer experience, love and warmth with everyone.
Interventional treatment curbed the spread of prostate cancer and helped me get rid of the constraints of a urine catheter bag 11Prostate cancer
Mr.TING
Malaysiamore than 1 year

Mr.TING was diagnosed prostate cancer, the local doctor suggested him to undergo a direct resection, ...

Lung Cancer Stage IV with Muscle Atrophy; Minimally Invasive Therapy Helps a Taekwondo Coach Regain Life!Lung Cancer
THAM YIP SEONG
Malaysiamore than 1 years

I am THAM YIP SEONG, 46 years old, from Malaysia, and I am an experienced Taekwondo coach.In May 2023...

Minimally invasive treatment improved a septuagenarian's desperate situation when her breathing was impaired due to lung cancerLung Cancer
Ms. LEONG
MalaysiaMore than 1 year

"I was confident when I came over here for treatment, there was nothing that worried me. (My family a...

Minimally Invasive Tumor Integration Technique Saves My UterusEndometrial cancer
Ms. Liu
Malaysia

Ms. Liu was diagnosed with endometrioid carcinoma and doctor recommended her to remove the uterus. Bu...

Face Life with a Smile and Beat Breast Cancer with Breast Reconstruction and Integrated Minimally Invasive Treatment!Breast Cancer
Noraini
Malaysiamore than 5 years

Noraini, from Malaysia, was diagnosed with stage IIIB breast cancer accompanied by lymph node metasta...

Minimally Interventional Therapy + Particle Implantation Therapy, Successful eye preservation for over 6 years now*parotid gland cancer
Ms. Chen
Malaysiamore than 6 years

(Personal interview with Ms. Chen) On November 15, 2023, St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzho...

Minimally Invasive Treatment Helps My Mother with Gastric Cancer Regain Her Life*Gastric cancer
TEONG MENG ENG
MalaysiaMore than 1 year

"Regarding treatment matters, the local Malay doctors will not talk to us a lot and they come and go ...

ONG CHOON MOY: Interventional Therapy and Cryotherapy, Ignite the Light of Hope for Lung Cancer PatientLung Cancer
ONG CHOON MOY
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 9 years

ONG CHOON MOY, comes from Malaysia, was diagnosed with lung cancer in 2014, with metastasis to the pl...

VOO CHEW WAH: Interventional Therapy helps me overcome Stage IV Nasopharyngeal CancerNasopharyngeal cancer
VOO CHEW WAH
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 8 years

VOO CHEW WAH, comes from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, is a stage 4 nasopharyngeal cancer patient. After ta...

80% of nasopharyngeal tumor disappeared after one session of interventional therapy*Nasopharyngeal Cancer
NG MAN HONG
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 7 years

NG MAN HONG, from Malaysia, is diagnosed as nasopharyngeal cancer patient. After one session of inter...

Minimally invasive treatment saved life and tonguetongue cancer
LOH JUI TONG
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 7 years

Malaysian patient LOH JUI TONG suffered from tongue cancer in 2015. He arrived at MCHG in July 2016. ...

Minimally Invasive Therapy Defeated Breast Cancer of Stage IVBreast Cancer
Miss Chen
MalaysiaSurvive for more than 9 years

Due to the fear of surgery and chemoradiotherapy, Miss Chen, breast cancer stage IV patient from Mala...

MDT TEAM
Song Shijun
Song Shijun
Chief Expert of Oncology Department | Chief physician

Specialty:Song Shijun, professor, chief physician, CPC member, has been engaged in clinical...

more

Peng Xiaochi
Peng Xiaochi
Director of Oncology Department | Chief Physician

Specialty:Peng Xiaochi, M.D., Ph.D. graduate in Canada, is a member of the Chinese Medica...

more

Dai Wenyan
Dai Wenyan
Director of Oncology Department of Oncology, Director of Breast Cancer Center | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:She specializes in various minimally invasive treatments for tumors, especially c...

more

Ma Xiaoying
Ma Xiaoying
Director of Oncology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty: Ma Xiaoying, more than 20 years experience of clinical work in oncology, and i...

more

 Lin Jing
Lin Jing
Deputy Director, International Oncology Ward |  Attending Physician

Specialty:Dr. Lin Jing has been engaged in clinical work in oncology for nearly 20 years an...

more

Wu Qingkai
Wu Qingkai
Chief doctor | Attending Doctor

Specialty:With cancer clinical experience for more than 30 years, Dr. Wu Qingkai has rich m...

more

Zhen Yanli
Zhen Yanli
Director of Radiology Department | Associate Chief Physician

Specialty:Dr. Zhen Yanli has been engaging in the work of surgical treatment, medical imagi...

more

Yin Pingshan
Yin Pingshan
Distinguished expert of TCM Oncology | Chief Physician

Specialty:| Introduction Engaged in clinical work in Traditional Chinese Medicine Internal ...

more

Zhao Yifan
Zhao Yifan
Oncology Resident | Physician-in-Charge

Specialty:Skilled in the diagnosis and treatment of a variety of common solid tumors, speci...

more

Qin Yubing
Qin Yubing
Attending physician ,Oncology Department | Attending physician

Specialty:Many years of clinical work in oncology ,Master of Medicine Degree. specializes i...

more

Leukemia Symptoms

Symptoms of Chronic Leukemia

1、In the early stages of chronic leukemia, symptoms may not appear for a long time, thus the patients cannot feel any discomfort. Doctors will usually find abnormal blood picture or splenomegaly (enlarged spleen) during a routine checkup or examinations for other diseases and then the patients are diagnosed with chronic leukemia.

2、When symptoms do appear, they are generally mild at first and progress gradually. Common symptoms of chronic leukemia may include: fatigue, low heat, excessive sweat or night sweats, weight loss for unknown reason, and hyperthyroidism, in addition, left upper abdominal distension and sensation of fullness after eating (due to enlarged spleen).

3、Patients with chronic leukemia often manifest as pale complexion, pale lips, and splenomegaly which is the most obvious symptom and which often has reached umbilical plane when patients visit a doctor, furthermore, tenderness in the lower part of sternum. Patients with advanced chronic leukemia will appear tiny red spots under the skin, mucous, and painless mass in the tissues of eye sockets and skull.

Symptoms of Acute Leukemia

1、Anemia: hematopoietic abnormalities of bone marrow leads to low number of both red blood cells and hemoglobin, thus anemia will be developed and half of the patients can develop severe anemia.

2、Fever: leukemia itself can cause fever, furthermore, due to decreased immunity, once pathogens invading body, thus it tends to cause infection and results in fever.

3、Bleeding: due to stasis and infiltration of the large number of leukemia cells in blood vessels, low number of platelets, coagulation abnormalities and infection, patients will appear scattered red spots, purpura or petechia from head to foot, nosebleed, gingival bleeding or excessive menstruation, furthermore, blurred vision resulting from fundus hemorrhage, coma and even death due to intracranial hemorrhage can be caused.

4、Gastrointestinal failure: it can result from agents used in chemotherapy and radiation therapy which will affect gastrointestinal function.

5、Hyperuricemia: it can be caused by chemotherapy, radiotherapy and application of cortical hormone, what’s more, with high concentration of uric acid supersaturated soon and precipitated, oliguria and anuria will be caused by extensive damage of kidney and the formation of uric acid stones.

Symptoms of Leukemia in Children

Symptoms of early leukemia in Children are pale complexion, fatigue, lassitude, loss of appetite, nasal bleeding or bleeding gums, etc.; few patients firstly manifest as fever and bone joint pain which is similar to rheumatic fever.

1、Anemia: it appears early and aggravates progressively, besides, it manifests as pale complexion, weakness, shortness of breath after activity, and tachycardia (too fast heartbeat).

2、Fever: it often occurs with uncertain types and mostly is irregular fever with no shivering. Leukemia fevers mostly manifest as low heat and antibiotic treatment is ineffective; secondary infections (respiratory tract infections, urinary tract infection, etc.) mostly are high heat.

3、Bleeding: main reasons of bleeding are firstly, leukemia cell infiltration thus bone marrow megakaryocyte will be inhibited, causing low number of platelet; secondly, impaired liver function causes insufficient production of fibrinogen, thrombinogen and accelerin; thirdly, capillary permeability increases. Most of bleeding occurs in the skin and mucous membrane, manifesting as purpura, petechia, nosebleed, gingival bleeding, gastrointestinal hemorrhage and hematuria, in addition, occasionally intracranial hemorrhage which is one of the important causes of death.

To know and identify the symptoms of leukemia can help patients detect it early and then get treatment in time.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 


Leukemia Diagnosis

What are detections for leukemia? Most people are inclined to know the detections of leukemia, for that can help to find out related symptoms and perform treatments in time.

Common Detections Of Leukemia

1、Blood routine examination. It is to take a little blood from finger or ear lobe to check the quantity of red blood cells, white blood cells and platelet, meanwhile to classify the white blood cells. Normally, juvenile blood cells (for short is juvenile cells) should not appear in peripheral blood. But when someone is suffering from leukemia, juvenile cells can be seen in blood routine test for they are released to peripheral blood while they are not differentiated and mature enough in bone marrow.

2、Routine examination for bone marrow. If it is suspected to have leukemia, bone marrow puncture test is necessary to count and classify all kinds of cells from bone marrow. Normally juvenile cells take not over 5% in bone marrow. But when one develops leukemia, his juvenile cells can increase at most 30% more, especially for acute leukemia of children, that can reach 80- more in bone marrow.

Bone marrow examination is a most weightily proof to diagnose leukemia. It is not difficult to detect leukemia by combing with clinical signs and physical examinations when this bone marrow examination indicating an obvious increase of juvenile cells in bone marrow. However, treatments would be different as the types of leukemia vary. Then further examinations should be taken to confirm the type of leukemia.

1、Immune typing examination. It generally has to take around 2 ml bone marrow to identify and classify the leukemia cells with a reagent named clonal antibody.

2、Cytogenetic examination. This examination also has to take about 2 ml bone marrow to know if any abnormality of leukemia essence and chromosomes. The prognosis usually would be poorer to the leukemia patients with chromosome disorder than those without chromosome abnormality.

3、Examination of cerebrospinal fluid is to confirm if leukemia cells encroach on brain and spinal system by drawing out a little cerebrospinal fluid from lumbar spinal canal of patient for chemical examination. If being encroached, that is what medically called leukemia of central nervous system.


Specialist from St. Stamford Modern Cancer Hospital Guangzhou figured out that, except what mentioned above, there are X-ray examination (including chest X-ray, skull X-ray and bone X-rays of limbs and so on) examination of ocular fundus, ECG(electrocardiogram), ultrasonic examination of liver and spleen, blood biochemistry, immune functions, related virus examination and so on. All those examinations can indicate that whether the main organs of patient are working normally and if any encroachment of leukemia cells occurs, which at the same time are the preparation and direction for further treatments.

For more knowledge about cancer, please click online doctors for consultation. 

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