Thyroid Cancer Diagnosis
What Are the Diagnosis Method for Thyroid Cancer?
Radionuclide examination: by this test, the shape, location of thyroid cancer and thyroid function can be determined;
Laboratory examination: it can identify the nature of thyroid nodules;
Ultrasound: in addition to detect shape, size, and number of thyroid mass, whether the mass is cystic or solid can be determined;
Cytology: it has a high accuracy rate in diagnosing of papillary adenocarcinoma;
X-ray: it can be mainly used to observe the relationship between trachea and thyroid;
CT scan: it can clearly show shape, size of thyroid cancer and its relationship with throat, trachea, esophagus, besides, the scope of cancer infiltration can be seen.
The Traditional Treatment Methods of Thyroid Cancer
Surgery: it can remove cancer tissues and clear cervical lymph nodes that may have metastasized.
Radio therapy: generally it is applicable to follicular adenocarcinoma.
Chemotherapy: it is often adopted as palliative treatment for advanced cancer patients who are not applicable to surgery or have developed distant metastases.
Traditional Chinese medicine: it can inhibit development of tumor, improve the immune function of patients with thyroid cancer, and reduce the toxic side effect of radiotherapy and chemotherapy.
Nursing and Care After Surgery
Patients with thyroid cancer should be given liquid diet within 1- 2 days after surgery so as to reduce the pain caused by swallowing.
Patients with thyroid cancer should be guided to lie in semireclining position, properly protect the operative incision thus is conducive to drainage of wound.
Avoid strenuous cough, talking too much, and when getting up, hands should support head, so as not to pull wound.
Providing a quiet and comfortable environment, in order to eliminate agitated feeling of patients.
Closely observe whether there is swelling in wound.
If hoarseness, shortness of breath occurs, you should immediately inform doctor to deal with it.
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